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Brown and Root reaped multi-millions from the Bosnia war. In 1998 Richard Cheney got the idea that Halliburton should purchase Dresser Industries, for $8.1 billion (creating the world's largest oil-drilling services company) while on a quail hunt with Dresser chair Bill Bradford. Dresser and Halliburton merged. Dresser Industries was owned and operated by Brown Brothers Harriman. Prescott Bush (George H.W.'s father) was a partner of Brown Brothers and on the board of Dresser for decades until he became a U.S. Senator. CHENEY'S FIRM HALLIBURTON AND BROWN & ROOT FINANCED, (IN PART) PERMINDEX, THE CORPORATE FRONT, WHICH OPERATED THE ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY. PERMINDEX was a corporate front, headed by Major Louis M. Bloomfield of Canada. Clay Shaw operated a division of PERMINDEX in New Orleans at the International Trade Mart. The connections between Clay Shaw, David Ferrie and Lee Harvey Oswald have, at this time, been proven by documentary and photographic evidence, despite myriad attempts to discredit the Garrison investigation. Halliburton was one of the financiers of PERMINDEX. George and Herman Brown of Brown and Root were also financiers. Halliburton acquired Brown and Root after 1963.
The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U. S. oil companies, H. L. Hunt of Dallas, Clint Murchison of Dallas, John DeMenil, Solidarist director of Houston, John Connally as executor of the Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton Oil Co., Senator Robert Kerr of Oklahoma, Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New Orleans, Dr. Oschner of New Orleans, George and Herman Brown of Brown and Root, Houston, Attorney RCohn, Chairman of the Board for Lionel Corporation, New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, WDohrnberger, ex-Nazi General and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan American World Airways, its subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel Corporation, Paul Raigorodsky of Dallas through his company, Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, Heineken's Brewery of Canada and a host of other munition makers and NASA contractors directed by the Defense Industrial Security Command. PERMINDEX was the operator of death squads in Europe, Mexico, Central American, the Caribbean and the United States. The persons and corporations who worked with PERMINDEX took over the government of the United States of America on November 22, 1963. The perpetrators have never been brought to justice, and now Halliburton, a Permindex backer, thus and financer of the ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT KENNEDY, has one of its own, Dick Cheney, trying to be the Vice President of the United States. THE BUSH FAMILY LINKS TO HALLIBURTON, ROOT & BROWN AND PERMINDEX. Researchers of the JFK assassination have tried since 1963 to determine if George H.W. Bush had any intelligence role in November 1993. Efforts to conclusively prove that George H. W. Bush was a CIA agent at that time have been futile. Efforts to conclusively prove that he was directly involved with the Cuban exiles have also been futile. This is so, despite the close proximity of the Zapata oil platform to Cuba and the naming of boats for the Bay of Pigs invasion, notably the "Barbara." However, the financial and corporate structures which have financed George H.W. Bush and now his son, can be conclusively proven by documents. The following article by Linda Minor is an analysis of these financial and corporate roots of the Bush family political and financial fortune. Note how these roots lead to the Harrimans, British Intelligence (right-wing variety) and to Halliburton and Brown and Root, thus to PERMINDEX.
POLITICS OF FAMILY POLITICAL EMPIRE
Clients of Brown Brothers Harriman when Prescott Bush and his wife's father, George H. Walker
These investors who funded George H.W. Walker's campaigns. His biggest contributors were his uncle Herbie Walker, formerly of St. Louis, and Eugene Meyer, whose father spent his entire career working for a competing investment bank--Lazard Freres--or Lazard Brothers, as it was called in London. The Bush family ties to the Lairds and Lords of Scotland and England. Lazard Brothers was controlled by officials in the British government. It was always the investment bank of David Rockefeller. And, besides Meyer and Walker, George Bush's other large investor in Bush-Overbey was British Assets Trust, Ltd., an investment company whose directors interlocked with the management of companies associated with Lord Kindersley, such as Hudson's Bay Company. The chairman of British Assets Trust in 1956 was J.G.S. Gammell in Edinburgh, Scotland, and in 1985 by J.C.R. Inglis, a partner in Shepherd & Wedderburn, WS, an Edinburgh law firm.
Inglis was also a director of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, Scottish Provident Institution for Mutual Life Assurance, Edinburgh American Assets Trust and Atlantic Assets Trust, as well as chairman of European Assets, N.V., Gammell also had served as director of The Royal Bank of Scotland Group, as did such other notables as The Right Hon. Lord Balfour of Burleigh, The Right Hon. Lord Clydesmuir and The Right Hon. Lord Polwarth. Polwarth, incidentally, began serving as a director of the Halliburton Company, parent of Brown & Root, in 1974. The Bush family continued to amass its fortune an power from the British and Scottish sources named above, as these sources introduced their financial tentacles into Texas, and as George H.W. Bush and Barbara drove that old red Studebaker into Houston. Has anything changed?
Did the same people run the selection of Dick Cheney as Vice President today? Their scion, that old Skull & Bonesman, George W. will be annointed. The PERMINDEX connection to the Bush power moves. Paravicini Bank and Permindex In the same year that Zapata and Pennzoil were moving toward hostile takeovers, a new Swiss bank opened in Houston with J. Hugh Liedtke and George Bush's securities adviser, W.S. Farish III, among the directors. Called "Bank for Investment and Credit Berne" (BICB), its stock was owned by Capital National Bank and Paravicini Bank, but investors included Seagrams, Boeing, Minute Maid in Zurich, the London subsidiary of Brown and Root and the Schlesinger Organization of London and Johannesburg. These investors are more than interesting in light of the fact that Paravicini is a descendant of the Venetian Pallavicini family, whose attorney in Rome, Carlo d'Amelio, was the general counsel to Centro Mondiale Commerciale (CMC), the Italian arm of Permindex. CMC was incorporated in Berne Switzerland, and D' Amelio sat on the board of directors during the time that Seagrams' attorney, Louis Mortimer Bloomfield of Montreal, was chairman of Permindex. When the role of CMC in the attempted assassination of President DeGaulle of France was discovered, it fled Europe and re-emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa. However, the parent company, Permindex, continued to be managed from Montreal by Bloomfield. Clay Shaw, the man prosecuted in New Orleans by Jim Garrison for his role in the Kennedy assassination, was also a board member of CMC, with which his International Trade Mart had connections.
According to a 1970 report called "The Torbitt Document," (, William Torbitt, states: "...a compilation of information gathered by a Texas attorney from "court-approved and documented evidence" from sources in the U.S. Customs Department and the Narcotics Bureau, from the Warren Commission and the Garrison investigations, Bloomfield's Permindex Corp. supervised five subsidiary groups: (1) "White Russian" organization called the Solidarists--members Ferenc Nagy of Dallas (former Hungarian premier) and Jean De Menil of Houston (head of Schlumberger); (2) American Council of Churches--H.L. Hunt organization; (3) Free Cuba Committee--Carlos Prio Soccaras (Cuban ex-president); (4) "The Syndicate"--Clifford Jones and Bobby Baker working with Joe Bonanno Mafia family; (5) NASA's Security Division--Werner Von Braun, headquarters in Redstone Arsenal in Muscle Shoals, Alabama and on East Broad Street in Columbus, Ohio. The Kennedy assassination was planned and carried out by Division Five of the FBI, which acted in conjunction with the Defense Intelligence Agency under the control of the Joint Chiefs. These divisions had a highly secret police agency called the Defense Industrial Security Command, which also worked with NASA, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), USIA and weapons and ammunition supply corporations (munitions makers) which contract with those agencies. The police force originated in the 1930's to work for the Tennessee Valley Authority, then expanded to the AEC, tying it in with army intelligence. Agents of this force included Clay Shaw, Guy Bannister, David Ferrie, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby and others, and was headed up by Bloomfield. According to the Torbitt report: The principal financiers of Permindex were a number of U.S. oil companies, H.L. Hunt, Clint Murchison, John De Menil, Solidarist director of Houston, John Connally, as executor of Sid Richardson estate, Haliburton [sic] Oil Co., Sen. Robert Kerr of Okla., Troy Post of Dallas, Lloyd Cobb of New Orleans, Dr. Oechner of New Orleans, George and Herman Brown of Brown & Root, Attorney RCohn, Chairman of the Board for Lionel Corp., New York City, Schenley Industries of New York City, Walter Dornberger, ex-Nazi general and his company, Bell Aerospace, Pan American World Airways and its subsidiary, Intercontinental Hotel Corp., Paul Raigorodsky of Claiborne Oil of New Orleans, Credit Suisse of Canada, and Heineken's Brewery of Canada and a host of other munitions makers and NASA contractors directed by the Defense Industrial Security Command.
PERMINDEX AND SEAGRAMS USED THE SAME INVESTORS THE BUSH FAMILY USED. RCohn was a very close friend of LRosenstiel, who was in turn a friend of Sam Bronfman. Bloomfield was also president of Heineken of Canada. What these companies seem to have in common is their shareholders, directors and financiers. They are the same persons who invested in Bush-Overbey, Zapata and Dresser Industries through the investment trusts they controlled.
The 1992 edition of Dope, Inc. (a LaRouche publication) has this to say about the banks involved: Both Seagram's (and its old Prohibition rum-running partner, Hudson's Bay) are interlocked through a maze of contacts with all five of the big Canadian chartered banks: the Bank of Montreal, the Royal Bank of Canada, the Bank of Nova Scotia, the Toronto Dominion Bank, and the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. Thus, the dirty money gleaned from the drug trade is conduited through these banks to points further south: The banks' offshore centers in the Caribbean, and from there the money makes its whirlpool round of worldwide laundering. The chairman of this Houston-based international investment bank, BICB, whose investors included Seagrams and the Schlesinger mining interests in South Africa, was Johan F. (Fred) Paravicini. Vice-chairman was L.F. McCollum, Sr.-a long-time Humble Oil employee, who headed Conoco and founded Capital National Bank of Houston in 1965. The bank's president was Baker Lovett, cousin of James A. Baker III, and grandson of the first president of Rice University, Odell Lovett, a friend of Woodrow Wilson at Princeton. In an interview with the Houston Post, Baker stated that his experience of 15 years in banking indicated that Houston had a relatively short supply of money, and that venture capital had to come from New England-from "more mature economies." He believed a bank "should dedicate a portion of its resources to relatively risky situations because it's those which sometimes really pay off." As the 1980s showed, however, it was also that type of investment that resulted in the bailout of the savings and loan industry.
In addition to its investment in the BICB set up by Conoco's chairman, Seagrams also owned a great deal of stock in Conoco and caused a major eruption with DuPont in 1981 over who would control the company. Seagrams was interested in Conoco because it owned a 53% interest in Hudson's Bay Oil and Gas Co. in Canada. Since it had recently received $2.3 billion cash profit from the sale of Sunoco stock, with which it had tried and failed to purchase control of DuPont's St. Joe Minerals, the Scottish-financed liquor barons at Seagrams saw another chance to grab something prized by the New Englanders-control of Conoco. In 1969 W.S. Farish III was 31 years old and was a partner in the investment companies of Underwood Neuhaus and W.S. Farish & Co., through which he handled millions of dollars of his family's wealth in addition to George Bush's blind trust. Farish was also serving as president of a company called Fluorex, an international mineral and exploration company, and in 1973 also became a director of Houston Natural Gas. He was the only grandson of one of the founders of Humble Oil, W.S. Farish, Sr., who had been chairman of Standard Oil of New Jersey prior to World War II. W.A. Harriman & Co. helped Jersey Standard finance a merger with I.G. Farben, the German chemical corporation which manufactured the gas used to exterminate so many Jews. Lehman Brothers, which had an office in Capital National Bank's building at 1300 Main-on the same floor, incidentally, as George Bush's friend (and later, Commerce Secretary, Robert Mosbacher), was represented on the board of the Capital National and its international investment branch. One director was Lehman Brothers partner, John B. Carter, Jr., and another was director I.H. "Denny" Kempner III, heir to the Imperial Sugar fortune, whose brother was a Lehman representative in Houston. The Kempner brothers' mother was Mary Carroll Kempner, a granddaughter of W.T. Carter and sister of W.T. Carter, Jr., whose wife was Lillie Neuhaus, making them first cousins of Victor J. Carter. Lillie was a niece of C.L. Neuhaus and W. Oscar Neuhaus, the founders of Neuhaus & Co. (later Underwood Neuhaus). Oscar's son, Hugo, married Kate Rice, Libbie Farish's cousin, and after W.S. and Libbie's son died in 1943, their daughter-in-law, Mary Wood Farish, married Kate Neuhaus' son. The Oscar Neuhaus who became trustee for the wealthy Cullen family and secretary of a joint venture between Dresser and Cullen interests, was a key member of the Neuhaus/Farish banking interests-which thus had control of Cullen/Dresser real estate matters in downtown Houston. This relationship resulted in the construction of a complex of office buildings in the southwest part of downtown leased to Dresser, Cullen/Frost Bank, Enron, Oppenheimer & Co. and assorted other interesting companies. The Carter family also were investment bankers in Houston. Still another director of Capital Bank was Bill Barziza, a descendant of Decimus et Ultimus Barziza, founder of Houston Land & Trust, which has since merged into First International Bank. This ancestor was the son of a Venetian count and French-Canadian mother, born in Williamsburg, Virginia, who, during the Civil War, had been captured at Gettysburg and smuggled through the Confederate underground to Canada where he was returned to Houston via the blockade route through Bermuda. The decision to form a partnership with Paravicini may have also been influenced by another Lehman representative-William Mellon Hitchcock--grandson of William Larimer Mellon, founder of Gulf Oil, and nephew of banker Andrew Mellon. Bush's partners in Zapata were the sons of William Liedtke, Sr.-one of the "highest ranking lawyers in Gulf Oil Corp." Billy Mellon Hitchcock worked from 1961 to 1967 for "his father's mentor," Bobby Lehman of Lehman Brothers in Manhattan. Fred Paravicini began an illegal trading relationship with Billy in 1965, for which they were not indicted until 1973-Hitchcock in February and Paravicini in June. Hitchcock pled guilty in April. He then appears to have disappeared from sight. What Hitchcock shows us is a classic fondi member, educated at Harvard, trained at Lazard Brothers during Lord Cowdray's tenure, who while vacationing in Venice, is recruited to work for CIA-connected investment bank with connections to the Bronfman family by a member of his father's polo team! How did he manage to get caught? These people never get caught. But what was never followed up on was how Hitchcock and Paravicini were connected to Conoco, Seagrams, Standard Oil, Brown & Root and the Schlesinger mines in Johannesburg. These connections lead straight to Permindex, the Bronfmans and to the Dallas oil men funding the JFK assassination. They also lead to George Bush through W.S. Farish-investor of his blind trust. The Pearson Group and Texas oil men. Although it has never been proven that Farish, Liedtke or George Bush had any background in intelligence operations before Bush was appointed director of the CIA by Gerald Ford in 1976, an inference can be made just by reviewing the associations that existed in the Texas oil community in the 1960s. Billy's training as an investment banker had taken place at the English branch of Lazard Freres, which has been shown to be closely tied to one of George Bush's original investors, Eugene Meyer, and to Everett DeGolyer, a Dresser director who had spent most of his career working for Sir Weetman Pearson (Viscount Cowdray). DeGolyer left his job at Amerada Petroleum in New York and moved to Dallas where he established a geological consulting firm called DeGolyer and MacNaughton and served from 1954 until his death in 1956 on the board of Dresser Industries in Dallas. He was replaced on the board by his partner, Lewis W. MacNaughton, who remained until 1969. Lewis MacNaughton was also a director of Empire Trust, a company whose largest single holding of stock was comprised of Loeb-Lehman, Bache and Bronfman holdings, in which Edgar Bronfman became a director in 1963. Edgar Bronfman, Sr. married the daughter of John L. Loeb (Loeb, Rhoades), who was himself married to a Lehman. A vice-president of Empire Trust in Dallas was Jack Crichton (also president of Nafco Oil & Gas, Inc.) who was connected with Army Reserve Intelligence. In a 1995 book written by Fabian Escalante, the chief of a Cuban counterintelligence unit during the late 1950s and early 1960s, he describes that as soon as intelligence was received from agents in Cuba that Fidel Castro had "converted to communism," a plan called "Operation 40" was put into effect by the National Security Council, presided over by Vice-President Richard Nixon. Escalante indicates that Nixon was the Cuban "case officer" who had assembled an important group of businessmen headed by George Bush and Jack Crichton, both Texas oilmen, to gather the necessary funds for the operation. Nixon was a protégé of Bush's father Preston [sic] who in 1946 had supported Nixon's bid for Congress. In fact, Preston Bush was the campaign strategist that brought Eisenhower and Nixon to the presidency of the United States. With such patrons, [Tracy] Barnes was certain that failure was impossible. According to Peter Dale Scott, Crichton arranged for Marina Oswald to have Ilya Mamantov as her interpreter when she was questioned after Oswald's arrest. Mamantov also taught scientific Russian classes at Magnolia Oil Co. Lee and Marina Oswald first met the Paines at a party at the home of Richard Pierce and Everett Glover where practically all the guests worked for Magnolia Oil. The guests included a German named Volkmar Schmidt who came to Dallas in 1961 to do geological research at Magnolia's laboratories in nearby Duncanville. MacNaughton's personal accountant was George Bouhe, who also worked at the Tolstoy Foundation with Paul Raigorodsky-a man involved with the National Alliance of Solidarists. Bouhe was closely tied to George DeMohrenschildt, who later became famous as the White Russian assigned to "handle" Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas. It was DeMohrenschildt who had taken the Oswalds to a party where they met Volkmar Schmidt, and then a later party at the same house where they met Michael Paine. DeMohrenschildt was also the one in charge of getting Marina a place to stay at Ruth Paine's home, and it was Ruth Paine who found Oswald the job at the book depository office in the building owned by Jack Crichton's friend. DeMohrenschildt also was involved with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia in Dallas which received subsidies from the Baird Foundation, which was determined to be a CIA conduit by the Patman House Select Committee hearings [cf. New York Times, March 5, 1967, p. 36]. DeMohrenschildt immigrated to the U.S. in 1938, having been involved in espionage with the OSS and probably with the Nazis. He had a doctorate in commerce from the University of Liege, Belgium, when he came to the United States at age 27 where his brother Dmitry was a professor at Dartmouth, having degrees from Columbia and Yale. While visiting his brother and American sister-in-law at Bellport, near East Hampton, on the eastern, ocean tip of Long Island, DeMohrenschildt met many influential people, including stockbroker Jack and Janet Bouvier (Jackie's parents). He was also a friend of Margaret Clark Williams, whose family had vast land holdings in Louisiana, who gave him a letter of introduction to Humble Oil. DeMohrenschildt came to Texas by bus "where he got a job with Humble Oil Company in Houston, thanks to family connections," and, "[d]espite being friends with the chairman of the board of Humble," he worked as a roughneck in the Louisiana oil fields. DeMohrenschildt came to Texas in 1944 and got a master's degree in petroleum geology at the University of Texas at Austin. For a time he worked overseas for the Murchisons' Three States Oil and Gas and for Pantipec, an oil company owned by William F. Buckley, Jr.'s father operated in Mexico at the same time Sir Weetman Pearson (later Viscount Cowdray) and DeGolyer were there running the Mexican Eagle. In fact, Buckley and his brother were the attorneys for the Mexican oil companies after their properties were taxed illegally by the Mexican government. According to William Engdahl, Pearson worked for British Secret Intelligence, "as did all other major British oil groups." They had financed and put in power the regime of General Victoriano Huerta, subsequently overthrown by President Woodrow Wilson, who was supporting the objectives of Standard Oil in attempting to take from Britain at least a portion of its concessions for half of Mexico's oil. The U.S. under Rockefeller cover sent money and arms to Carranza. Notes (The Deep Politics of the Bush Family Political Empire by Linda Minor © 2000): Pete Brewton, The Mafia, the CIA and George Bush, p. 137. Brewton's information came from two articles in the Houston Post-dated April 25, 1969 and January 11, 1970. The earlier article, naming the corporate investors in the new bank, had no by-line. Dope, Inc. (1992), p. 459. Dope , Inc., p. 256. The Royal Bank of Canada is said by the EIR writers of Dope, Inc. to be the dirtiest bank, followed closely by the Bank of Nova Scotia, of which Bronfman aide and Zionist, R.D. Wolfe, is a director. This bank is also involved in the financing of business in Jamaica tied to the arms trade, as well as being tied to the Canadian gold markets through an interlock with Noranda Mines. The gold exchange also serves as a means of payment for the illegal weapons trade. The Paracinis. The Paravicinis are the descendants, most likely, of Sir Horatio Pallavacino, who filled the post of Venetian ambassador to England -- which had been vacant for 50 years or so -- in 1603 when James VI of Scotland became James I of Great Britain. Pallavicino was the head of an intelligence service which "was at the disposal of Cecil, as, presumably, was his money." See David Cherry, The Found of Englands Civil Warres Discover'd, as cited in Al and Rachel Douglas's manuscript on Venice. The "more mature economies" he referred to in New England were those which began with the first life insurance company established in America in 1762 by the Presbyterian Ministers Fund. The managers brought in to oversee this fund were members of British banking families such as the Bevans of Barclays Bank-which was later to assimilate most of the country and colonial banks into its London bank. Through these family and social contacts, connections arose between the Canadian banks, Scottish banks, the Far East, South Africa, the Caribbean and New England. These same families also had strong ties to the Carolinas which was originally settled by a great number of Scottish emigrants who retained strong ties to the mother country. Another chapter will detail fondi control of this and other companies founded by John Henry Kirby-railroads, lumber, oil and banking interests financed by Brown Brothers of Baltimore and the Maryland Trust. This representative was James Carroll Kempner . See Harold M.Hyman, Oleander Odyssey, p. 217. It had been the tradition in the Kempner family for the sons to attend Harvard, then spend a year in Paris before coming back to Texas to help with the family business. Mary later married Lawrence Reed. Mary's aunt was Frankie Carter Randolph, who became the famous liberal Democrat who mentored Billie Carr in liberal Texas politics. Julius V. Neuhaus (Lillie Neuhaus Carter's brother) married Laura Boettcher, whose family brokerage company also came into the company in 1985 when Larry Johnson and Tom Masterson came into the company. The Mischer connections to George H. W. Bush. Connections can be shown between Larry Johnson, General Homes and Walter Mischer - a close friend and fund-raiser for George Bush-through an assortment of complicated corporate relationships. He was the founder of Houston Land & Trust Company, the first trust institution in the State of Texas. Marie Phelps McAshan, On the Corner of Main and Texas: A Houston Legacy (Houston: Gulf Publishing Co., 1985), p. 130; Marguerite Johnston, Houston, the Unknown City, 1836-1946 (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1991), pp. 75 and 404fn. The name "Barziza" is similar in sound to "Barozzi," which was the name of one of the case vecchie that existed in Venice [Allen and Rachel Douglas, manuscript entitled "Venice: The Fondi.and related matters", p. 12] Thomas Petzinger, Jr., Oil & Honor: The Texaco-Pennzoil Wars (G. P. Putnam's Sons: New York), p. 36. Incidentally, Allen Dulles, before becoming director of the CIA, had been legal counsel to Gulf Oil for Latin American operations, as well as counsel to Prescott Bush at Brown Brothers Harriman. Webster Griffin Tarpley and Anton Chaitkin, George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography (EIR: Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 148-49). John McCloy also represented Gulf in 1975 when the scandal involving bribery and payoffs of elected officials occurred. Billy's father, Tommy Hitchcock, a Harvard graduate, had become a Lehman Brothers partner in 1937 but within two years became an air attaché in the U.S. Embassy and then a pilot in Carl Spaatz' Ninth Air Support Command, where he was chief of tactical research. His plane went down in 1944, when his twin sons, Billy and Tommy were only five. He had learned to fly during the First World War when he had served in the Lafayette Escadrille as a seventeen-year-old and had been caught behind German lines, escaped from a prison train and hobbled a hundred miles into Switzerland. The Hitchcocks were "gentry, a clan whose way of living 'depicted the English country life,'" in Aiken, South Carolina, where Billy spent his visits fox hunting and playing polo. According to Billy, his grandfather had gone to Oxford, and his great-grandfather had been financial editor of the New York Sun, married to a descendant of William Corcoran, an "eminent Georgetown financier." Billy and his brother attended boarding school in South Carolina, a place run like an English public school. In the mid-50s he got a job as a tool dresser on oil rigs in Pecos, Texas (which is a short distance from Midland where George Bush was living and working for a Dresser subsidiary), then at a refinery near Vienna, Austria. Billy had been at Harvard before Harvard professor Timothy Leary took his first LSD trip in 1960, but he met Leary in 1964 after Leary had returned from Mexico where he had been doing psychedelic research with Aldous Huxley. In fact, Billy rented his family country estate in New York to Leary to continue his drug experiments New York Times, June 8, 1973. Darwin Payne, Initiative in Energy: Dresser Industries, Inc.1880-1978 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979), pp. 232 and 388. DeGolyer's death was reported in a December 15, 1956 Houston Post article, which stated that he "shot himself to death Friday in his Dallas office. His death was ruled a suicide. No immediate reason for DeGolyer's act could be determined. However, DeGolyer's son, E.L. DeGolyer, Jr. said his father had been in ill health for seven years and for the last two years suffered from aplastic anemia, a disease similar to leukemia. He said his father required frequent blood transfusions, having had the most recent one about four weeks ago. DeGolyer had other difficulties, his son said, including an operation for a detached retina in 1949, which was not successful and left him without the sight of one eye." None of those facts answers the question of why, at that particular time, he chose to kill himself. He had endured all those trials for years and survived optimistically. In the year before DeGolyer died, two men began buying land in the area of town which is now the location of the Galleria Shopping Center. One was the son of Grover J. Geiselman, an independent oil man who officed at Suite 849 of the Houston Club Building, where both Farish and Bush were located during this time. Eventually Geiselman conveyed his half interest to the other buyer, J.S. Michael, who in 1961 deeded to the estate of E.L. DeGolyer for a nominal sum, indicating they may have been holding title for him all along. Further indication of this is the deed in 1969 to Stephen T. Cochran, Trustee, executed by both Geiselman, Jr. and J.S. Michael, as well as Nell DeGolyer and First National Bank in Dallas, Trustees for the estate, as well as the three daughters and their husbands. All were joint payees on one promissory note. This land ended up having frontage on either side of the West Loop, which was constructed through the tracts, which were purchased for a pittance from Italians who had owned the land for decades. DeGolyer's death is reminiscent of the death of Howard R. Hughes, Sr., which was reported in a Houston Post January 15, 1949 "Post Yesteryears 15 Years Ago" column. The article stated: "Howard R. Hughes, 54, millionaire Houston manufacturer, and a brother of Rupert Hughes, the novelist, died suddenly in his office at the Humble building yesterday. Born in Lancaster, Mo., Mr. Hughes graduated from Harvard university in 1897..As a young Harvard graduate, Mr. Hughes entered the oil industry in the Old Sour Lake field and almost immediately began inventing oil well tools. Oil men said that he, more than any other man in America, was responsible for revolutionizing the oil industry. In association with W.B. Sharp of Houston, the Sharp-Hughes Tool company was launched by Mr. Hughes, and on Mr. Sharp's retirement, the concern became the Hughes Tool company which is known wherever drillers operate." Stephen Birmingham, "Our Crowd": The Great Jewish Families of New York (New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1967), pp. 444-445. Dick Russell, The Man Who Knew Too Much (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers/Richard Gallen, 1992), p. 615 and pp. 792-93 fn. 14. Crichton was also director of Dorchester Gas Producing Co. with D.H. Byrd, founder of the Temco Co. (later LTV), who owned the building to which the Texas School Book Depository had moved several months before Kennedy was killed. Fabian Escalante, translated by Maxine Shaw, edited by Mirta Muniz, TheSecret War: CIA Covert Operations against Cuba 1959-62 (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia: Ocean Press, 1995), p. 42. See Peter Dale Scott, The Dallas Conspiracy, chapter III, p. 37 (quoted in Bartholomew, p. 71). In Germany Schmidt had lived with Dr. Wilhelm Kuetemeyer, a professor of psychosomatic medicine at the University of Heidelberg. Kuetemeyer conducted experiments on schizophrenics. His work was interrupted when he became involved in the July 20 plot to kill Adolph Hitler. See Edward J. Epstein, Legend: The Secret World of Lee Harvey Oswald (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978), pp. 203-05. Schmidt shared a room in the house with the Magnolia employees who gave the party at Schmidt's request where Oswald met Michael Paine. Schmidt was also studying Russian at Magnolia with Mamantov, who worked as a geologist for Sun Oil Co. Mamantov was acquainted also with George Bush, who wrote to Mamantov's wife after his death stating, "We did it!" See Dick Russell, The Man who Knew Too Much. See Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-Up, p. 66. Marrs, Crossfire, p. 278-9. Gaeton Fonzi, The Last Investigation (New York: Thunder Mouth Press, 1993), p.190. Priscilla Johnson McMillan, Marina and Lee (Harper & Row, 1976), p. 216. Ibid., p. 219. Ibid. The quoted passage does not identify which of the Humble Oil founders was DeMohrenschildt's friend, but it is known that his UT roommate, Hines Baker did later become chairman of Humble Oil. McMillan revealed that DeMohrenschildt was also friendly with H. L. Hunt, Clint Murchison, John Mecom, Robert Kerr and Jean De Menil of Schlumberger. According to Jim Marrs' interviews with Jeanne DeMohrenschildt after her husband's death, George was making regular trips to Houston from Dallas during 1962-63 on oil business with Mecom and De Menil. George's Russian friends in the Tolstoy Foundation told Marrs that he was going to Houston to see George and Herman Brown (Crossfire, p. 282.) Peter Dale Scott, Crime and Cover-up, p. 34 Buckley Sr., a Texan, as an undergraduate lived in the same upper class dorm at the University of Texas at Austin where DeMohrenschildt, brothers Rex G. Baker and Hines Baker (who W.S. Farish, Sr. later hired as attorneys and top management for Humble Oil) lived when they were at UT. See Richard Bartholomew, Possible Discovery of an Automobile Used in the JFK Conspiracy (the Nash Rambler) --unpublished manuscript, pp. 63, 88-89. Engdahl, p. 72.