Andover installed a new headmaster in 1933. Claude Moore Fuess (rhymes with fleece) replaced veteran headmaster Alfred E. Stear ns, whom the Brahmins saw as a dyed-in-the-wool reactionary. Stearns was forced out over a "scandal": a widower, he had married his housekeeper, who was beneath his social class.

The new headmaster was considered forward-looking and flexible, to meet the challenges of the world political crisis: for example, Fuess favored psychiatry for the boys, something Stearns wouldn't tolerate.

Claude Fuess had been an Andover history teacher since 1908, and gained fame as an historian. He was one of the most skillful liars of the modern age.

Fuess had married into the Boston Cushing family. He had written the family-authorized whitewash biography of his wife's relative, Caleb Cushing, a pro-slavery politician of the middle nineteenth century. The outlandish, widely known corruption of Cushing's career was matched by Fuess's bold, outrageous coverup. / Note #1 / Note #4

During George Bush's years at Andover, his headmaster, Fuess, wrote an authorized biography of Calvin Coolidge, the late U.S. President. This work was celebrated in jest as a champion specimen of unwholesome flattery. In other books, also about the bluebloods, Fuess was simply given the family papers and designated the chief liar for the "Bostonian Race."

Both the Cushing and Coolidge families had made their fortunes in opium trafficking. Bush's headmaster named his son John Cushing Fuess, perhaps after the fabled nineteenth century dope kingpin who had made the Cushings rich. / Note #1 / Note #5

Headmaster Fuess used to say to his staff, "I came to power with Hitler and Mussolini."/ Note #1 / Note #6 This was not merely a pleasantry, referring to his appointment the year Hitler took over Germany.

In his 1939 memoirs, Headmaster Fuess expressed the philosophy which must guide the education of the well-born young gentlemen under his care:

"Our declining birth rate ... may perhaps indicate a step towards national deterioration. Among the so-called upper and leisure classes, noticeably among the university group, the present birth rate is strikingly low.

Among the Slavonic and Latin immigrants, on the other hand, it is relatively high. We seem thus to be letting the best blood thin out and disappear; while at the same time our humanitarian efforts for the preservation of the less fit, those who for some reason are crippled and incapacitated, are being greatly stimulated. The effect on the race will not become apparent for some generations and certainly cannot now be accurately predicted; but the phenomenon must be mentioned if you are to have a true picture of what is going on in the United States." / Note #1 / Note #7

Would George Bush adopt this anti-Christian outlook as his own? One can never know for sure how a young person will respond to the doctrines of his elders, no matter how cleverly presented. There is a much higher degree of certainty that he will conform to criminal expectations, however, if the student is brought to practice cruelty against other youngsters, and to degrade himself in order to get ahead. At Andover, this was where the secret societies came in.

Nothing like Andover's secret societies existed at any other American school. What were they all about?

Bush's friend Fitzhugh Greene wrote in 1989: "Robert L. 'Tim' Ireland, Bush's longtime supporter [and Brown Brothers Harriman partner], who later served on the Andover board of trustees with him, said he believed [Bush] had been in AUV. 'What's that?' I asked. 'Can't tell you,' laughed Ireland. 'It's secret!' Both at Andover and Yale, such groups only bring in a small percentage of the total enrollment in any class. 'That's a bit cruel to those who don't make AU[V] or 'Bones,'|" conceded Ireland. / Note #1 / Note #8

A retired teacher, who was an advisor to one of the groups, cautiously disclosed in his bicentennial history of Andover, some aspects of the secret societies. The reader should keep in mind that this account was published by the school, to celebrate itself: "A charming account of the early days of K.O.A, the oldest of the Societies, was prepared by Jack [i.e. Claude Moore] Fuess, a member of the organization, on the occasion of their Fiftieth Anniversary. The Society was founded in ... 1874....

"[A] major concern of the membership was the initiation ceremony. In K.O.A. the ceremony involved visiting one of the local cemeteries at midnight, various kinds of tortures, running the gauntlet -- though the novice was apparrently punched rather than paddled, being baptized in a water tank, being hoisted in the air by a pulley, and finally being placed in a coffin, where he was cross-examined by the members.... K.O.A. was able to hold the loyalty of its members over the years to become a powerful institution at Phillips Academy and to erect a handsome pillared Society house on School Street.

"The second Society of the seven that would survive until 1950 was A.U.V. [George Bush's group]. The letters stood for Auctoritas, Unitas, Veritas. [Authority, Unity, Truth]. This organization resulted from a merger of two ... earlier Societies ... in 1877. A new constitution was drawn up ... providing for four chief officers -- Imperator [commander], Vice Imperator [vice-commander], Scriptor [secretary], and Quaestor [magistrate or inquistor]....

"Like K.O.A, A.U.V. had an elaborate initiation ceremony. Once a pledge had been approved by the Faculty, he was given a letter with a list of rules he was to follow. He was to be in the cemetery every night from 12:30 to 5:00, deliver a morning paper to each member of the Society each morning, must not comb or brush his hair nor wash his face or hands, smoke nothing but a clay pipe with Lucky Strike tobacco, and not speak to any student except members of A.U.V.

"After the pledge had memorized these rules, his letter of instruction was burned. The pledge had now become a 'scut' and was compelled to learn many mottoes and incantations. On Friday night of initiation week the scut was taken to Hartigan's drugstore downtown and given a 'scut sundae,' which consisted of pepper, ice cream, oysters, and raw liver. Later that night he reported to the South Church cemetery, where he had to wait for two hours for the members to arrive. There followed the usual horseplay -- the scut was used as a tackling dummy, threats were made to lock him in a tomb, and various other ceremonies observed.

On Saturday afternoon the scut was taken on a long walk around town, being forced to stop at some houses and ask for food, to urinate on a few porches, and generally to make a fool of himself. On Saturday night came the initiation proper. The scut was prepared by reporting to the cellar in his underwear and having dirt and flour smeared all over his body. He was finally cleaned up and brought to the initiation room, where a solemn ceremony followed, ending with the longed-for words 'Let him have light,' at which point his blindfold was removed, some oaths were administered, and the boy was finally a member...."

Notes for Chapter 4 - Part 2

16. Richardson to Prescott Bush, June 10, 1954, H. Smith Richardson Papers, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

17. Wayne S. Cole, "America First: The Battle Against Intervention, 1940-1941" (Madison: the University of Wisconsin Press, 1953); Interviews with Richardson family employees; H. Smith Richardson Foundation annual reports; Richardson to Prescott Bush, March 26, 1954, Richardson Papers. "Washington Post", April 29, 1990.

18. Richardson to Chase Bank executive Cole Younger, Sept. 17, 1952, H. Smith Richardson Papers, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

19. Parmet, Herbert S., "Eisenhower and the American Crusades" (New York: MacMillan Company, 1972), p. 481.

20. John Prados, "Keepers of the Keys: A History of the National Security Council from Truman to Bush" (New York: William Morrow, 1991) pp. 92-95.

21. Robert Callaghan in "Covert Action", No. 33, Winter 1990. Prescott, Jr. was a board member of the National Strategy Information Center as of 1991. Both Prescott Sr. and Jr. were deeply involved along with Casey in the circles of Pan American Airlines, Pan Am's owners the Grace family, and the CIA's Latin American a ffairs. The Center, based in Washington D.C., declines public inquiries about its founding.

See also "EIR Special Report", "American Leviathan: Administrative Fascism under the Bush Regime" (Wiesbaden, Germany: Executive Intelligence Review Nachrichtenagentur, April, 1990), p. 192.

22. For example, see Trumbull Higgins, "The Perfect Failure: Kennedy, Eisenhower, and the CIA at the Bay of Pigs" (New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1987), pp.55-56, 89-90.

Unverified information on the squads is provided in the affidavit of Daniel P. Sheehan, attorney for the Christic Institute, reproduced in "EIR Special Report" "Project Democracy: The 'Parallel Government' behind the Iran Contra Affair" (Washington, D.C.: Executive Intelligence Review, 1987), pp. 249-50.

Some of the hired assassins have published their memoirs. See, for example Felix Rodriguez and John Weisman, "Secret Warrior" (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1989); and E. Howard Hunt, "Undercover: Memoirs of an American Secret Agent" (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1974). 1